Another performance wear in which spandex plays a major role is a “Triathlon suit” or “Tri-suit”. For people like you and me this is a new word out of the blue but Triathlon suit is actually a widely used performance wear and requires a lot of technicalities to manufacture.
It is a clothing item specially worn in “Triathlon” which is a sporting event which was originated in 1920’s. It’s an Olympic level sport; comprising of multiple-stage competition of three continuous and sequential endurance sports. There are many variations of the sport but most popular one is which involves swimming, cycling and running in immediate sequence over a distance.
The basic element (fibre) required to manufacture a triathlon suit is spandex fibre, as all the properties which are required in a triathlon suit are easily achievable by using spandex fibre in the making. The properties are as below:
- 1. Quick drying
- 2. Durable
- 3. Stretchable
- 4. Close Fitting
- 5. Chlorine resistant
- 6. Shape retention
Thus Spandex fibre which when paired up with other fibres becomes best choice for manufacturing a triathlon suit. The other fibres which are paired up with the spandex to manufacture a tri-suit are mainly Nylon and Polyester. The nylon and polyester fibre are combined with spandex fibre via knitting process, hence producing a knitted fabric used for manufacturing the tri-suit. The high-end tri-suits manufacturers primarily prefer to use nylon fibre over polyester fibre with spandex to get over-all high end product and desirable properties.
Source URL: https://www.inviya.com/blog/role-of-spandex-in-triathlon-suits/
Spandex since its invention in 1956 has changed the direction of the textile industry. Developed as an alternative to rubber, spandex has completely taken over the stretch market in clothing and various other segments of the textile industry. Spandex not only gives ultimate stretch but also soft feel and desirable comfort along with required strength when paired with right fibre for multiple uses. Along with textile industry spandex has also found its various uses in hospitality and industrial industries.
From a t-shirt to automobiles spandex is used everywhere, where even a slight bit of stretch is required. Spandex was first used in making ladies foundation garments like pantyhose, stockings etc. Then it forayed into sportswear (cycling shorts etc.), dancing wear, tights, and swimwear. Then the time came of stretch denims. Nowadays with technical advances the range of use of spandex has increased more than ever.
There are mainly two types of application where Spandex is used:
- 1. Regular applications
- 2. Advanced applications
They mainly include products from textile industry and specifically from apparel sector i.e. clothing. These applications include:
- 1. Active / outdoor wear
- 2. Denim
- 3. Hosiery and leggings
- 4. Intimate apparels
- 5. Ready to wear
- 6. Swimwear
They include all the segments where spandex has recently ventured into and has gained a significant ground.
1. Medical support products:
- Knee or back braces
- Surgical elastic bandage
- Body Implant materials
- Leather tube
2. Hygiene: making diapers for children as well as adults
3. Compression garments:
- Surgical hose
- Support hose etc.
- Volleyballs and Soccer balls
- Netball bodysuits
- Manufacture of door panel fabrics that stretch and adhere to the door
- Car seat fabric
6. Footwear: to ensure that the footwear gives the wearer required fit and doesn’t slag off after a while.
7. Household products:
- Fitted sheets and
- Micro-bead pillows etc.
8. Spandex table coverings – elastic nature of fiber ensures that the cloth is durable enough to withstand the wear that accompanies frequent use.
Source URL: https://www.inviya.com/blog/different-segments-where-spandex-has-ventured-into/
Before manufacturing any product the first thing in a manufacturer’s mind is its usability and quality of the product – in short customer satisfaction.
Production of spandex is no easy task and to ensure that the quality is maintained is not every body’s cup of tea. So, every person involved in the production of spandex yarn has to be well aware about how the entire process of spandex yarn manufacturing works and how to control it to achieve the required high quality yarn.
Spandex yarn quality is mainly checked by checking the below properties and comparing them to the required standards:
Tensile properties Recovery properties Draft ability properties
1. Tensile Properties: Testing of tensile properties need specific equipment with special kind of jaws and specific test method as the elongation % of spandex is very different to any other yarn used in textile application.
Tensile properties cover the following test parameters.
Elongation: It is defined as the “amount of stretch that a fiber can exhibit/withstand” when allowed to stretch under load till break. A good spandex exhibits elongation % between 450-550%.
Tenacity: Tenacity is the test property which measures the relative strength of the yarn. Ratio of breaking force to yarn linear density is denoted as tenacity.
Modulus at 300% elongation: Load required to elongate the yarn up to 300% elongation.
2. Recovery Properties: A good spandex should recover close to its original length once after stretching and releasing the applied load. Specific test method is used to test the elongation recovery after stretching the yarn up to 300% elongation. Minimum of 90% recovery in this test qualifies a spandex for textile application.
3. Draft ability properties: Draft ability properties are tested under dynamic condition. Specific equipment is designed to vary unwinding and winding speed of spandex with different friction points to test the draft ability.
Compression wear garments are: piece of garment / clothing which fits tightly and exerts pressure around the area worn on, mainly for medical, body shaping and sports purposes. They are generally used to provide health benefits, such as shaping the body, supporting healing after medical procedures and to provide support for people who have to stand for longer periods of time, it also aids in increasing the circulation of blood.
Now-days compression garments have evolved and are used in combination with various athletic sports-wears, in order to provide compression on the muscles to increase the blood flow, which in turn improves performance and reduces the risk of muscle or tissue injuries like chafing and rashes etc. widely faced by sportsmen and at the end also accelerates muscle recovery during and after the activity/exercise.
There are various types of compression wear having required pressure range of mainly between 5-30 mmHg. Most commonly compression garments are made from Spandex fibre. Spandex fibre due to its high stretch, recovery and tensile properties proves to be a suitable match for construction of compression garments and are directly related to compression effectiveness. Apart from spandex fibre/ elastomeric fibre in the core construction, the engineering of the compression garments is mainly formed by stretchable structures to achieve the optimum/required stretch and compression.
Other fibres used along with spandex are: nylon, cotton, and polyester. The various types of compression garments apart from core spun ones are, knitted fabric compression garments and spandex platted cotton fabric compression garments.
Manufacturing Core Spun yarn is no easy task. Every detail has to be kept in strict check throughout the process on ring frame to manufacture quality Core Spun Yarn. So, how using INVIYA® spandex does helps in making this process a bit easier is given as below.
- INVIYA® easily runs on various drafts and has a wide draft range for running on ring frame
- All the spools of INVIYA® have uniform run-ability, which ensures that you get the same quality from start to end of a particular spool
- We have made sure that INVIYA® spandex has controlled/ reduced lapping behavior to maintain the utmost quality of the final required yarn
- INVIYA® has the ability to run at high speed on ring frame without causing breakages, thus increasing the efficiency
After Core Spun yarn is made, mainly woven fabric is made out of this yarn. So, at Indorama Industries Limited we keep in check the various quality requirements for the quality fabric to be produced from Core Spun yarn which is infused with INVIYA®, some of these key quality checks are mentioned below:
- Balanced load and unload power of INVIYA® ensures that the stretch and recovery in finished fabric is maintained
- INVIYA® spandex can hold up to high heat set temperature applied during heat setting process on different Stenters without affecting it’s properties
- INVIYA®’s robust nature helps in keeping its properties intact even after several rigorous processes and washes by which a fabric goes during the processing stage